Breast Lift (Mastopexy)

Breast lift, otherwise known by its official title of mastopexy, is a surgical procedure that repositions the nipple higher on the chest wall to create more pleasing contours. For many women, their breasts begin to sag with age while others have always been plagued by breasts that appear droopy and sit lower on the chest wall. A breast lift surgery can correct this and restore the breasts to a more youthful position.

Who is a good candidate for this surgery?

Candidates for breast lift surgery must be non-smokers who are in general good health. If you are a smoker, your doctor will ask that you cease smoking at least two weeks prior to your procedure. Since smoking can greatly disrupt the body’s natural healing process, you will also need to remain smoke free in the weeks that follow your surgery to ensure that you’re able to heal properly.

Those who have breasts that sag, have lost volume or have nipples that have shifted or stretched, are ideal candidates for a breast lift. However, for optimal results you must have some minor skin elasticity in the area otherwise your newly lifted breasts will not appear natural. You must also be at a stable weight and not suffer from blood or autoimmune disorders. Finally, your surgeon will evaluate your medical history, skin and tissues in the area to determine if you are the right candidate for a breast lift.

What does the recovery from this procedure involve?

Some swelling and slight bruising is likely to occur after a breast lift procedure. This will clear up in time and shouldn’t be a cause for concern. Your doctor will prescribe painkillers and antibiotics (if applicable). You must only take medications that are okayed by your doctor and take a few days to rest after your breast lift. Most people are able to return to work after 4-5 days and can do some light lower body exercises after a week or two. Wait at least six weeks before returning to your regular full body exercise routine.

In terms of sleeping, you may find it uncomfortable to sleep on your side or stomach. You should sleep on your back or in a sitting/reclined position propped up on pillows until the post-breast lift swelling/bruising subsides. Additionally, you may have trouble lifting your arms without pain in the days following your procedure making activities like hair washing difficult.

What to look for in a breast lift surgeon

The Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (CSAPS) is the only recognized body of surgeons in the country. Your surgeon must be board-certified and recognized by CSAPS and adhere to their ethical and professional standards. Along with their certification, you must find a surgeon that you trust. It’s important that you feel comfortable with your surgeon and allow them to take the time to explain the breast lift procedure to you in detail. The level of expertise is also an important factor in finding the right surgeon.

Here are three questions you can ask potential surgeons to determine how much experience they have performing breast lifts:

How long and where did you do your surgical training?

How many breast lifts have you done?

How long have you been a practicing surgeon?

How is the surgery performed?

During a breast lift procedure you will be put under general anesthesia to ensure that you are comfortable and do not feel a thing. Next, your surgeon will create small incisions in your breast. Then your surgeon will remove any excess skin or tissue. Liposuction may also be done to remove extra fat pockets from the area. Finally, the nipples will be repositioned and excess skin will be taken away from the outside of the areolas if needed.

Tummy Tuck

A tummy tuck, also known as an abdominoplasty, is a surgical procedure done to remove loose, drooping skin from the midsection. This procedure addresses fat deposits, stretch marks and weakened abdominal muscles, repairing them to create a taut tummy with contours that are proportionate to the hips and thighs. Tummy tucks leave the patient with a firmer stomach and youthful figure and are often beneficial for women who have given birth.

Who is a good candidate for a tummy tuck?

Your surgeon will go over your medical history in detail during your initial consultation to ensure your candidacy. Additionally, in order to be considered a good candidate for a tummy tuck you must be in overall good health but posses droopy skin around the abdomen. Those who carry excess weight in their midsection no matter how much they exercise or maintain a healthy diet are also good candidates for an abdominoplasty. Furthermore, people who have lost a significant amount of weight or given birth and lost most of their baby weight but find their abdominal muscles have weakened and there is loose skin in abundance can benefit from a tummy tuck.

What is the recovery from abdominoplasty like?

After undergoing abdominoplasty you will need to take time off work to recover. It is recommended that you take at least 2-3 weeks off before returning to your job to give your body a chance to heal. Do not attempt any strenuous exercise for at least six weeks but you should be going on light walks daily to improve blood flow.

You will need to wear a compression garment for the first 1-2 months after your surgery. Your surgeon will let you know the make or model that you should be wearing. Painkillers and antibiotics (if needed) will be prescribed to you for pain management. Do not take anything that has not been cleared by your doctor. Even the most harmless of over-the-counter medications can interfere with healing so it’s best to ask your surgeon before you take anything that they haven’t prescribed.

Finally, smokers must quit at least two weeks prior to their tummy tuck. Smoking minimizes the oxygen supply to the brain which impedes healing, so it’s imperative that you also remain smoke free during your recovery.

What to look for in a surgeon

In Canada, there is only one recognized body of plastic surgeons, the Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (CSAPS). Your surgeon must be a member of CSAPS and be certified by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Members of CSAPS are held to high ethical and professional standards and must have impeccable bedside manner. This means that your surgeon must make you feel comfortable and harbour trust.

Here are three questions you can ask potential surgeons to see if they’re worthy of performing your tummy tuck:

Where did you complete your surgical training?

How many abdominoplasties have you performed?

What’s the key to a healthy recovery?

Pec Implants

Pectoral augmentation is a surgical procedure done to create a more masculine appearance in the chest area. Through the use of pec implants the chest is built up to achieve definition and a sturdier pectoral region.

Who is a good candidate for pectoral implants?

In order to undergo any surgical procedure, you must be in overall good health. If you smoke, you must stop at least two weeks prior to your pectoral implantation surgery. You will also need to remain smoke free in the weeks following your surgery as tobacco use can hinder the body’s natural healing process.

Ideal candidates for pectoral augmentation are men who have an undeveloped chest and can’t seem to achieve any definition no matter how much they work out or how healthy they eat. Additionally, men with sunken chests or absent pectoral muscles due to Poland Syndrome (a birth defect characterized by the undevelopment or complete lack of chest muscles) may greatly benefit from this surgery.

When you meet your surgeon for an initial consultation it’s important to disclose your medical history so that they can make an informed decision about your candidacy.

What to look for in a plastic surgeon

The only recognized body of plastic surgeons in Canada is the Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Each member of CSAPS must be certified in the specialty of cosmetic surgery by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. CSAPS surgeons must adhere to a strict ethical code and standards in order to continue to practice in the country. When selecting a surgeon to perform your pectoral implantation procedure make sure to find someone who is not only board-certified but someone you trust. Experience is also a key factor in finding a plastic surgeon. Below you’ll find three questions to ask potential surgeons to help you see if they’re a good fit:

Where did you complete your surgical training?

How many pectoral implant procedures have you done?

How long have you been in practice?

What does the recovery process for pectoral implants involve?

You will need to rest immediately following your surgery. You will be given painkillers and antibiotics (if needed) to help you deal with any discomfort you may experience. The area will be tender and sore in the first few days following your procedure and it’s important that you sleep on your back until the soreness and swelling subsides. Some people are able to return to work after a week while others choose to take longer before going back to their job. If you work in an office setting you will probably be able to get back to work quickly. However, if your job involves heavy lifting or you have to be on your feet all day, you may need to spend extra time at home resting to ensure that you’re physically able to do your work. In terms of exercise, you will be able to resume lower body workouts after about two weeks. In four weeks you can start with light upper body exercises and approximately six weeks you can begin doing full body workouts again.

In the first weeks following your pectoral implant procedure, you will be required to wear a compression garment. This garment is worn to promote healing and is easily hidden under clothing. Moreover, your surgeon will give you a detailed list of aftercare instructions that involve wound cleaning. Make sure that you understand these instructions before your surgery so you can enjoy a speedy and full recovery.

Male Breast Reduction

Male breast reduction surgery is a cosmetic procedure done to treat a medical condition called gynecomastia. This surgery removes excess fat and glandular tissue from the breast area to create a flatter, firmer more masculine chest.

What is gynecomastia?

A large percentage of the men in this country are plagued by a medical condition called gynecomastia. This is a condition in which the male mammary gland becomes enlarged and causes the appearance of breasts. In rare cases these enlarged mammary glands even lactate. Gynecomastia usually occurs around the onset of puberty but it can also appear later on in life due to obesity, genetics, certain medications or drug abuse.

Who is a good candidate for male breast reduction surgery?

People who suffer from gynecomastia or an enlarged chest area may find themselves self-conscious and embarrassed to go anywhere where’d they have to wear swimwear or appear shirtless (the beach, pool etc.). If you are scared to show your chest in public or even when you’re alone with your wife/partner you are probably a good candidate for male breast reduction surgery.

Furthermore, you will need to be in overall good health and a non-smoker. If you are a smoker you will need to quit two weeks prior to your procedure and remain smoke-free as you heal. Your body needs ample oxygen to heal and smoking hinders the brain’s ability to process and take in air.

Your surgeon will determine if you are an ideal candidate for male breast reduction surgery after reviewing your medical history. However, it’s safe to say that if you suffer from gynecomastia you are already an optimal candidate for this surgical procedure.

Following this procedure, what is the recovery process like?

Immediately following your male breast reduction surgery you will need to rest. Your doctor will prescribe painkillers or antibiotics (if necessary) to help you deal with your discomfort. Do not take any medication that wasn’t prescribed by or cleared by your surgeon. Usually, most men are able to switch from their prescribed painkillers to over the counter options like Tylenol a few days after their surgery.

Moreover, you will need to wear a compression garment to help your chest heal and avoid sleeping on your stomach until any tenderness or swelling has subsided. Do not concern yourself with any swelling or bruising that may occur post-surgery. This is completely normal and will dissipate as you recover.

In terms of going back to work, you should be able to return to your job within a week. If you work somewhere that heavy lifting is required or you must remain on your feet all day, you may have to take two weeks off to ensure optimal healing. You can exercise after your surgery but make sure that you do only light walking for the first week then gradually start adding more intense workouts as you heal.

What to look for in a male breast reduction surgeon

The Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (CSAPS) is the only body that is recognized in the country. The plastic surgeon you choose to undertake your male breast reduction surgery must be recognized by CSAPS and board-certified by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Moreover, the surgeon you select must be experienced, trustworthy and make you feel at ease.

Here are three specific questions to ask potential surgeons to see if they are right fit:

1. How long have you been practicing?

2. How many male breast reduction surgeries have you done?

3. Where did you complete your training?

Liposuction

Liposuction is a surgical procedure that’s performed to remove fat from under the skin’s surface. This procedure targets localized fatty deposits that are resistant to diet and exercise. For instance, patients who are at their ideal weight but have isolated areas of fat that won’t disappear no matter how much of a healthy lifestyle they maintain can greatly benefit from liposuction. Often, genetics play a role in stubborn fatty deposits and these deposits are often found in the abdomen, arms, hips, thighs, under the chin and calves. Liposuction is not an effective treatment for cellulite but it does create more pleasing contours and a lean physique.

Liposuction is not a weight loss tool; it is a body shaping method used to sculpt hard-to-target areas.

Who is a good candidate for liposuction?

Good candidates for liposuction are in good health. They are also non-smokers at their ideal weight. If you do smoke, you will need to quit two weeks prior to your liposuction procedure and remain smoke free as you heal. Smoking hinders the body’s natural healing process and inhibits oxygen intake.

Moreover, ideal liposuction candidates have some degree of skin elasticity. This is needed to ensure that the body can settle into it’s leaner contours. Also, anyone who has struggled with areas where they cannot seem to lose weight no matter how hard they try is a good candidate.

What is the recovery process like?

Following your liposuction procedure, you will be required to wear a compression garment on the treated area for anywhere between 2-6 weeks (depending on the area of the body that was attended to). This is done so the tissue around the fatty deposits that were excised can conform to its new shape.

Some people are able to return to work within 2-3 days while others prefer to recoup at home for longer. It depends on how much swelling and bruising you experience. You can resume your normal exercise routine in about two weeks following liposuction. However, it’s important to take short walks daily to keep your circulatory system moving properly. Some patients report lack of sensation in the treated area but that will subside as you heal.

What to look for in a surgeon

There is only one body recognized in the country and that body is the Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (CSAPS). Besides being a member of CSAPS, the surgeon you choose for your liposuction procedure must be certified by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Furthermore, your surgeon must be experienced and have excellent bedside manner. Your surgeon must make you feel at ease during before, during and after your procedure so it’s important that you find someone you trust.

Here are three questions to ask potential surgeons to get a sense of how much experience they have and if they’re a good fit for you:

1. Where did you train?

2. How long have you been practicing?

3. How many liposuction procedures have you performed?

Breast Reduction

Breast reduction, otherwise known as reduction mammaplasty, is a surgical procedure done to remove excess fat, skin and glandular tissue from the breasts. A breast reduction allows for a more proportionate chest in relation to the rest of the body and alleviates the discomfort (back, neck and shoulder pain) associated with extremely large breasts.

Who is a good candidate for breast reduction surgery?

Ideal candidates for breast reduction surgery are plagued by large breasts that limit their physical activity. They also experience back, neck and shoulder pain caused by the weight of their breasts and notice an indentation on their shoulders where their bra straps lie. Furthermore, people with large breasts may notice a skin irritation beneath the breast crease due to the weight of their chest.

In order to undergo any type of surgical procedure you must be in overall good health and a non-smoker. Smoking reduces the amount of oxygen that the brain takes in and hinders the post-surgery healing process. If you do smoke, your doctor will ask that you quit at least two weeks prior to your breast reduction surgery and continue to cease from smoking as you recover. During your initial consultation with a surgeon, he/she will evaluate your medical history to determine if you are a desirable candidate for a breast reduction procedure.

Finally, you will be a good candidate for this type of surgery if you have realistic expectations. A breast reduction will positively affect your self-esteem but it will not happen overnight. The results of a reduction mammaplasty take time to unfold but once your chest area has fully healed you will reap the benefits of smaller, more proportionate breasts.

What is the recovery process like following a breast reduction?

Prior to your surgery, your will be prescribed painkillers and in some cases, antibiotics. Make sure that you fill these prescriptions before you’re operated on so you can start taking the medication right away. Your surgeon will also give you specific aftercare instructions that detail how to care for the wound area and what type of support bra or compression garment you will need to wear as you heal.

You will need to take at least one week off from work in order to give your chest a chance to adjust to its new, smaller contours. Likewise, you will need to refrain from physical activity for a month following your breast reduction procedure. Any heavy lifting or full body workouts can hinder your body’s natural healing process but you can take walks daily to make sure you’re getting some light exercise.

Swelling and bruising on the chest are normal and will subside within a few weeks. You will have trouble lifting your arms above your head in the first few days following your surgery and activities like hair washing may prove troublesome. So, it’s best to avoid washing your hair on your own and ask a loved one or friend to do it for you. You will also need to sleep on your back as your recover to avoid putting any undue pressure on your chest.

What to look for in this type of surgeon

There is only one recognized professional body of plastic surgeons in Canada, the Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (CSAPS). Any surgeon you choose to have perform your breast reductions must be recognized by CSAPS and be certified by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Besides being board-certified and have ample experience you must feel comfortable with your surgeon. You should feel as though your surgeon is not only competent but is also trustworthy.

Here are three questions to ask potential surgeons to see if they’re capable of performing your breast reduction surgery:

1. Where did you accomplish your training?

2. How long have you been in practice?

3. How many breast reduction surgeries have you performed?

Breast Implants

Breast augmentation, otherwise referred to as augmentation mammoplasty, is a surgical procedure that increases the size, shape and fullness of the breasts through implantation. This is a common and safe surgical procedure that is undergone by women across the world.

Who is a good candidate for this surgery?

In order to undergo a breast augmentation or implantation surgery, you need to be in good health. You should also have a complete understanding of what the procedure entails in order to have realistic expectations of its outcome. In terms of chest size and features, women with small breasts, asymmetrical breasts, drooping or sagging breasts from pregnancy or breastfeeding, and chest size/shape fluctuations due to weight loss are also ideal candidates for this surgery. Finally, women who have undergone a mastectomy to treat breast cancer can also benefit from a breast augmentation procedure. No matter what your reason for wanting this surgery, your life will change afterwards for the better with a resurgence of self-esteem.

However, if you suffer from heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, angina or an autoimmune disease, you may not be able to undergo a breast enhancement procedure. You must also be a non-smoker. If you do smoke, your doctor will ask that you quit at least two weeks before your surgery and remain smoke free while you heal.

Your surgeon will review your medical history in detail to establish your candidacy.

What does recovery from breast augmentation or implantation entail?

Your doctor will prescribe pain killers and, in some cases, antibiotics. Do not take anything that was not prescribed by or cleared by your doctor. In the days that follow your procedure, you may have trouble lifting your arms and find activities like hair washing taxing. Do not overexert yourself and instead spend the days following your surgery relaxing to give your body a chance to heal. Most people are able to return to work after 4-5 days post-surgery and can resume non-impact lower body exercises after about two weeks. High-impact, full-body exercises can be resumed after approximately six weeks.

Everyone heals at their own pace, but you should expect some swelling and soreness in the weeks following your surgery. This is completely normal and will subside over time. Once the swelling subsides, the tissue in the breast area will stretch to accommodate the implant and your breasts will appear natural.

What to look for in a surgeon

Although breast implantation/augmentation surgeries are routine procedures that are done daily, it’s important that you connect with your surgeon. You need to feel comfortable with them and know that you can trust them to answer your call in the middle of the night if necessary. Moreover, any surgeon who performs breast implantation of augmentation surgery must be board-certified and have specific experience in this type of surgery. The Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (CSAPS) is the only recognized body of professional surgeons in Canada. If your surgeon of choice is not recognized by CSAPS, do not let them perform your breast augmentation surgery.

Here are three questions to ask your surgeon to get a sense of their training and education in the realm of breast implantation:

1. Where and how long did you train for this procedure?

2. How many procedures of this nature have you performed?

3. How long have you been a practicing surgeon?

Brazilian Butt Lift

A Brazilian butt lift is a surgical procedure done to reshape and lift the backside to create smoother, fuller contours. This procedure uses the patient’s own excess fat to add volume to the butt and shape the area (fat grafting). The fat is removed from the body via liposuction, purified, then injected into the posterior resulting in an hourglass figure.

Who is a good candidate for a Brazilian butt lift?

Candidacy for the Brazilian butt lift procedure is determined by two factors: your overall health and the amount of excess fat available in other areas of your body (the abdomen, love handles, hips, thighs, back of the arms). If you are not in overall good health or have enough excess fat available to transfer to your backside, you are not an ideal candidate for this surgery.

People who are 50 years old or older cannot undergo a Brazilian butt lift procedure. Moreover, those with a BMI (body mass index based on weight in relation to height) of over 35 will need to lose weight before having this surgery. Finally, diabetics and those who suffer from endocrine disorders are not not ideal candidates for a Brazilian butt lift unless they receive clearance from their endocrinologist and primary physician.

What is the recovery process like following this procedure?

Immediately following your Brazilian butt lift surgery, your backside will be large and swollen. You will need to take approximately one week off work or heavy activities to give your body a chance to kickstart the healing process. Painkillers may be prescribed by your doctor to help you deal with any post-surgical discomfort or they may recommend that you take over-the-counter pain management medication like Tylenol. The area will be swollen and bruised but this generally subsides after about four weeks.

You will have trouble sitting in the week following your surgery. It’s important to avoid sitting for long periods of time and your surgeon will recommend a medical donut for you to sit on. This is basically specialized pillow for your butt to make sitting less painful. Sleeping on your back also puts pressure on your backside and you’ll be required to sleep on your stomach or side for at least three weeks after your procedure. You’ll also need to wear a compression garment for 2-4 weeks to keep your new contours from shifting.

Smoking is forbidden as you heal because it hinders the body’s ability to process oxygen. If you are a smoker, your surgeon will require you to cease smoking at least two weeks before your Brazilian butt lift.

What to look for in a surgeon?

There is only one recognized body in Canada for surgeons and that is the Canadian Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (CSAPS). Your surgeon must be CSAPS-recognized and certified by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Besides certifications and recognition, your surgeon must possess ample surgical experience and make you feel comfortable. Trust plays an important role in choosing a surgeon and if you do not feel like a doctor is trustworthy or they don’t have decent bedside manner, they are not the right fit for you.

Here are three questions to ask potential surgeons:

1. Where did you complete your surgical training?

2. How long have you been practicing?

3. How many Brazilian butt lift procedures have you performed?